Kanaka (20)

Response to Kaohi

Aloha Luella Leonardi aka KaohiI have these questions needing to be answered by you. Can you answer them?I would like to know what is your understanding of the Crown and Government Lands?Also, what did you mean in your last message about my mention of Jon J. Chinen's book? Did you know him?What did you mean by, "she's (me) using the parking lot...?" Please share you mana'oi'o because as you know I have will forever, until our government is restored to stand with my ancestors as na kanaka maoli and reject the American garbage they teach...He Hawai'i Au. I've been involved since I was 20 years old and learned alot on my journeys and want to share them with the younger and older generations, as we get older I realize that this is my kuleana and should be for all who are in this movement towards restoration of our government.The things I learned that really bothers me is that alot of our people with the koko have to get over their prejudices that have been learned by the white man who came to Hawai'i, have polluted many of our people and it sounds like you have been affected by the white man's disease when I read your responses to my blogs. Do you see that? I do and that sort of bothers me, but that can be overcome with a large dose of "facing the truth" and to oki all the "bad" thoughts, learned ways and prejudices that have been instilled in our people by the foreigners who bring their pollution to our islands.As I said in my previous writings, "when our people are ready they will unite and take seriously their roles in the restoration of our government" until then, we will lose many of them along the way. I don't want to lose you in this transition of mind, body and soul. Granted I don't have a "degree" but what I learned I am willing to share and lot of what I learned comes to me by the spirits of my ancestors and people in the living as well as those who have passed on in the last 40 years.Overall, life is good as long as we are willing to share them and do it with truth and aloha.Onipa'a,Kawehi
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My family has been on Maui for 5 generations....I am part brown and part white...my bloodline is partly from the oppressed culture and partly from the oppressors----so what does that make me??I've been on Maui and called it home since I was 5 years old, but I'm not 'born and raised'...so what does that make me?I've spent time with Whites, tourists, and other malihini who seem so oblivious of their host culture--- in ways that make me cringe---don't they realize it's arrogant to be ignorant, so insensitive to the injustice and pain that's all around them? As they are grumbling about "reverse prejudice", do they realize how deep and wide the destruction of Hawaiian culture, pride, and sovereignity truly is?I've spent time with Hawaiians of nearly pure koko, strong in culture, heart and activism, and I have greatly admired their courage and onipa'a in the face of such a monumental task, reclaiming the aina from the US government. Because I loved their son, I was good enough to bring food and gifts and caring, but never really accepted.At family lu'aus I listened and saw fierce passion and determination focused like a spear shot into politics, and into the hearts and minds of the younger generations---inspiring them to get involved--- in everything from Na Koa Warriors to County Council meetings, fighting for the past and for the future.I have learned some, but there is so much more to know, and so much I will never know or understand, because I am not kanaka maoli. My mind sees, my heart hurts---I want to do something, some way, to help. But I have no place, I am not kanaka maoli, so when I try, I am rebuffed. I don't want to be a wannabe---I just want to offer what I can.But when I have done so, respectfully and using the honored language of protocol as best I can, giving money and time and caring and love, the gifts were taken, but I was rebuffed. Maybe I should have tried harder. But I let myself be pushed away, and finally their bitterness became my bitterness too.I know that sometimes, after you've been deeply hurt, the only way to gain strength to stand up again, is to be so angry that the fire of it pushes you into action, and keeps you strong. I also know that the price you pay for livng a life full of bitter anger is a hard price to pay, hard on the body and soul.Is there a way to hate the wrong, hate the injustice, even hate the oppressor---without becoming as racist as the people who hurt you in the first place?I want to say, "Look, if I could go back in time and be on the boat with Captain Cook, I'd shoot his ass right there and stop the problem before it started! If I could take my little upcountry house that I work hard for, and give it back to the Hawaiians and thereby make all the other folks like me do the same--Id do it right now."But it's not that simple. And these proud, betrayed, angry, magnificent Hawaiians who see me and reject me because they assume by looking at me that they know who I am, to them I want to say, "Please don't become the very thing you hate. Just because I'm not one of you, doesn't mean I am one of them. Maybe somewhere betwen the 'us' and 'them', there are people who want to help."So what does that make me?
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According to Henry Noa, there is a monthly EDUCATIONAL VIGIL that is held about the reinstated government. I know they were at Sandy's last month and will continue to do so. The educational vigil is to inform the public what they have done and accomplished. As more information becomes available, I will post it.It is imperative that you take care of your KULEANA and educate yourself. What would a twenty minute trip cost you if you know what have been accomplished for Kanaka Maoli already. It seems like a lifetime of waiting, however the one hundred sixteen years do not add to what have been accomplish in ten years to reinstate the Hawaiian Kingdom.I encourage you to check it out and learn more about it!

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Do You Experience This Today?

What was it about this poem that made me utter the words - This is unbelievable! I discovered many similarities and frightened me to think that this crap is still going on today!Spread the word of your religions - You came to Hawaii and what did you do, you preached about the Bible,Convert the whole world if you can - You forced down what you could and demanded that we listen,Kill and slaughter those who oppose you- You poisoned our people and killed my ancestors with your disease,It's worth it if you save on man - You saved the ones you liked and favored a position in the government,Take the land to build your churches - You stole our lands and expected to take more, leave us landless,A sin to tax the house of God - You taxed the poor and avoided taxes yourselves,Take the child while he is supple - You take our children and shove your words of doom,Spoil the mind and spare the rod - You do no good for others and spare no savage beast,Go and tell the savage nation - You as a settler want to own lands in Hawaii, nonetheless u want even more,That he must be Christianized - You make us be like you and impose us with your work,Tell him, and his heathen worship - You must worship every word I preach or else feel the wrath,And you will make him civilized - You expect us to carry forth and do your work,Shove your gospel, force your values - You took my language and divided my people,Down its throat until it's raw - You shoved so deep while you warped our minds with your valuesAnd after he is crippled - You cut us down to skin and bone,Turn your back and lock the door - You left us landless and cared no lessMissionaries, Missionaries go and leave us alone - The pages are turning expect no gratitudeTake your white God to your white man - We have our own nation and fret no moreWe've a God of our own - We are the descendants of Papa and WakeaWords of Wisdom - Take a look around us and how settlers have treated Kanaka Maoli. Do not allow yourself to be caught up in the "web of deceit." This is a reminder that what happened since the arrival of Capt. Cook has only encouraged settlers to take all that they can.Educate yourself of our true history! Be akamai and take care of your kuleana! We are being blinded sided no matter which way we turn. When is it the best time to use the blinds to obtain full independence from U.S.
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Have you ever seen a fish swim backwards?Of jump out just to grab you?This kind of crap fish is like Daniel Innouye and Linda Lingle and her bandits!Rubbish that has no intentions of leaving.....What do you do with your trash?Innouye has been compelled to stop all Hawaiian sovereignty movements in the Hawaiian Islands! Like many ihep fishes, they consistently discredit kanaka maoli and to ensure that a AKAKA BILL is the solution to their misery.Why would you want a bill that does nothing for kanaka maoli? The IHEP fish is there to "hold" the stolen lands.These settlers have dictated and controlled politics and its time to "take control and continue to ku'e!Lingle may be quiet, but behind closed doors she is shoving her heels against our bottoms like a "kick in our ass!"There is no room for pilau fishes to be around us!CRAP THE AKAKA BILL. GET YOUR REELS AND WHIP THAT PILAU FISH THAT SURROUNDS US!

, LOOK WHO IS IN THE TANK? IT IS US,KANAKA MAOLI SWIMMING AND HELD HOSTAGE IN OUR OWN ISLANDS!Lingle, Akaka, Innouye, Neil, Clayton Hee, OHA, DHHL, U.S., and all those those other iheps are using the reel to control us! Take that reel and whip it the other way!Can you hear the voices of our children calling and being choked by the settlers who oppressed us?Can you hear our kupuna calling?Never allow anyone to tell you who u are! Kanaka Maoli - 133 1/3%. The other 33 1/3% is the blood quantum that will be forced upon us for the next land divisions for Hawaiian Homes!Keep on dividing kanaka maoli by blood quantum. What crap! We need total independence from the settlers!
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I spent the weekend camping at Sandy Beach with Henry Noa, his 'ohana, Alexander Luca and other members of LHG. As I drove to Sandy's, I saw a sign that says

I was intrigued to learn more about the LAWFUL HAWAIIAN GOVERNMENT. I always saw the signs, but never took the time to inquire about it. Perhaps spend many years hearing about it from different groups. I was very optimistic about any group knowingly that the primary goal is to unite and move forward.I must admit I was amazed. I decided to camp after several request. The LHG had occupied the whole "corner pocket" with their tents. Yes, they had tents with their mo'olelo to educate the po'e. I took many pictures and asked questions. I video taped many people who came. Very interesting people I met and eager to be part of a process already established. Yes, the LHG is established already and currently educating po'e what they are all about.The process took ten years, however the time invested is worthwhile. Why were they successful to reinstate the government is the question I asked?What made this group different as cousin Luca had described in his interview?Come home to the KINGDOM!

I camped for two nights and had a wonderful time. It wasn't about Henry Noa forcing me to choose his entity over others. It was about educating me on their process. There many police officers that past through the night "chasing the young generation out to go home." However, the po'e who was on the side we camped was not bothered by the police. I was amazed because most times they are chasing or harassing Hawaiians for camping at the beach!AT SANDYS! No possible way to camp there and not be bothered by the police! The last time, FIRST NATION rocked the house with their "rasta man music." I could not imagine what it felt like to sit near the beach, enjoy the music of their songs. It has been a long time being able to relax and not worry about life itself! FIRST NATION jammed and played in rhythm as they rapped their music of what happened to our people.Kai, a member of the band pounded the drums and rapped about our own history that brought tears to my eyes. Yes, it is our po'e, the younger generation recognizes that the historical injustice that prevails among our own people!

FIRST NATION (MUSICAL BAND) all songs are originalIn my opinion, it was an educational experience that I enjoyed. Mahalo to cousin Luca and Bobby for sharing, inspiring and inviting everyone! Mahalo to these two men in my life!I leave you with these thoughts.....Don't allow people to tell you how you should feel about your own history. It is your kuleana to educate yourself of your own history. Our people have listened to others and look what happened. Its time to malama and care for our 'ohana!It is time to do something about it and it starts in with YOU! Be akamai and learn about the issues that impact all of us today. I learn something new everyday and share my mana'o of my insight!Sending a ray of sunshine to all kanaka maoli! Have a wonderful day!
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Beyond Enemy Lines: Lawful Hawaiian Govenment

I was at Palolo Media Center and Henry Noa was sharing his mana'o on Lawful Hawaiian Government.STAY TUNE FOR SERIES ON THE LAWFUL HAWAIIAN KINGDOM this year.http://hawaii-gov.net

more pics.

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We are United

I'm watching the video I just uploaded and one of the callers said something that just hit me because it's the truth:this is in regards to the discussion on GMO's which also relates to massive developments in ko Hawaii Pae Aina in that they use our land, land that they do not own, to make a profit, for just a few. That is not the Kanaka Maoli way. This is what he said, an excerpt:"they're afraid of us uniting."Too late, we already are united, we've always been united, and that is why they will never have clear title to our land and our resources in ko Hawaii Pae Aina.
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He hapa kanaka......

Ah yes, that wonderful word that has caused controversy among Asian/Haoles living on the west coast in their early 20s to early 30s. I wrote the subject line like that because while reading through a passage (see link below) I noticed the use of "kanaka" following the word "hapa". Again I'll say in my own experience growing up on Molokai in the 70s and early 80s, I never heard "Hapa" being used by itself at all. I've always heard hapa haole, but never Hapa by itself.But this passage or phrase that I found further proves how the use of the word was used as an adjective, not as a noun.HAPA KANAKA passageIf you scroll down to the bottom left (after clicking on the fullsize) where the title mentions "Na ka huli ana o ka moi ma ka hewa a me ka lilo ana o Kaomi i punahele", at the bottom you'll see he hapa kanaka Bolabola a he hapa kanaka Hawaii. I just thought that was interesting, of course it means nothing now today since it morphed into another meaning.Although the other issue brought up by these Asian/Haole kids was that "hapa" or "hapa haole" was used negatively, which it wasn't as proven by the use of the word/phrase in the paper. This is contrary to what others may say about how the paper doesn't reflect the vernacular. Unlike in the USA where you can have in colloquial speech using the "N" word which has been transferred to songs as part of their lyrics, versus having it being used to describe a type of person and printed in the paper. Same thing here where it was used to describe a person but it wasn't used negatively.HAPA HAOLE entries
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Updates and Tidbits

Aloha ia kakou pakahi apau loa aku, here is this weeks update and tidbits,First, mahalo to all for believing in yourselves!!UPDATE:This past Sunday, many po'e came by to pick up palapala koe nae and to pick up audio CD's made to take the place of classes that we could not hold because of the lack of room. The General Classes and Law Literacy classes were cancelled the first two Sundays of Sept. & Oct. However we are having papa molaki available only to those on the list, mahalo. In November, we are back on track with the Big Room - starting on November 9th.On November 2, 2008 we will be on Kauai giving class there.UPDATE:We will have new palapala koe nae in November! Koolau moku will be next, so we can wrap up Haleakala. Make sure that the return comes to the registry for scanning and filing on Cd, we have gotten quitre few back that need a simple adjustment - write Trustee after your names and be consistent on each and every name, please.TIDBIT:We had a terrific Show this morning on 1110 AM KAOI and decided to make copies of it, we will make availlable at classes too. It was on the establishment of original jurisdiction or domain - we all live in it, but do we know it? ko Hawaii pae aina. Love it.UPDATE:There is a new Hui in town, it is called the "Hui Kakoo" and serves as a six person team that will provide necessary guidance to those poe that are in papa molaki, needing extra guidance. Caveat - do not contact to simply avoid kuleana. The lead in the hui is our own Josie Carson, brilliant and awesome!! I have to say here, that she is a maikai example of success and we are fortunate to have her share. The menehune will forward a list of those that need extra ooompph. This hui can also give usggestions on the palapala koe nae.UPDATE:Upcomong classes: HAWAIIIAN KUIKI - QUILTING CLASS open to all interested, please see the website for material list! see you there on Sept. 27, 2008 at 8:30AM - gift is 25 units of energy. See the website for the classes and workshops coming up;-)TIDBIT:The Naomi Campbell opinion letter, sounds like...... but not close and obvious to the reader, off in left field as compared with what we share. Here is my two-cents: As a loan officer, the author may be hearing things about people's processes dealing with the securities fall out (mortgage collapses) and naturally feels threatened because the alternative could make loan, mortgage and real estate industries obsolete some day. Moving on!Finally!!!If you tune in tonight, you can watch Cindy and Jeremiah Naone being interviewed on the EMI - East Maui Irrigation situation affecting stream flow, and I get to share my Check and how EMI was brought to their lilly-livered, quavering, pasty, little girlie- knees!!!! anyway - tune in to watch Channel 53, Akaku at 7PM. tonight!!!We will burn DVD's for those who want to watch the show and don't have cable.ke hoomanao nei ia:me ka haahaa,Ka hale kakau hoike anao ko Hawaii pae ainac/o: 310 Hookahi St. C-206Wailuku, Maui ko Hawaii pae ainawww.kohawaiipaeaina.netkukamalu, by appointment only.
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Law of Aloha

Around the office there is one thing that is required of us and everything else seems to follow naturally and that is to follow "The Law of Aloha."Of course we're not perfect and sometimes when being firm it is seen as not following "The Law of Aloha."We receive 100+ telephone calls per day with drop ins at least 10 per day while we are working on 50 appointments per month with follow ups to more than 600 past appointments per month. We are booked until April 2010 with appointments rapidly increasing so sometimes people get a little pushy when they want a closer appointment or when their email or telephone call doesn't get returned asap. So sometimes we have to be firm but we always strive to do it with Aloha.This also applies when doing transactions with the currently occupied de facto Bureau of Conveyances a private for profit and plunder corporation formed out of the de facto private for plunder corporation State Of Hawaii.We have 80+ documents per month going through the occupied BOC and because the documents do not mean any gain or profit for the plundering private corporation State Of Hawaii we are given a hard time. Why? Because as Kanaka Maoli (Not Native Hawaiians or native Hawaiians all terms graciously given to us by the private for plunder corporation the de facto United States of America which we so lovingly embrace every day in our terminology thereby giving those very terms they use against us our energy - hmmmm red pill? blue pill?) we have the only lawful rights to claim any lands in the archipelago of Ko Hawaii Pae Aina (If you look on your Palapala Sila Nui or Palapala Hooko it will say "Ko Hawaii Pae Aina" not Kingdom of Hawaii). Because this is so they have to take our paperwork no matter how many times they return it hoping to wear us down and in frustration...quit.Do they know who they are dealing with? I really don't think so. We may all see things differently in many cases but the bottom line is this. Kanaka Maoli have a deep almost ancient Love for one another that they just can't rid us of. That is our power, not money or riches (although we are the richest country in the world with the largest land mass), not dominion over serfs, but that deep ancient Love.That paperwork I'm talking about specifically is the koe nae na kuleana o na Kanaka documents. There are currently 900 individuals and families who have submitted paperwork. As we submit and have our paperwork recorded red flags go up all over the place and whoever is under the illusion that they own our land is in for a shock.If you want to know more about koe nae you can go to this website. There are also classes held monthly on Maui and also CD's of the class available for purchase. This is the website: http://kohawaiipaeaina.netOk, back to "The Law of Aloha." As I've posted before Mahealani works closely with several de jure American Nationals of the General Republic of the United States of America consisting of the original 13 colonies. One of them accompanied Mahealani on a trip to the occupied BOC and as he watched Mahealani, Pili, and the BOC employees interact and exchange with each other he started to tear.Now usually, when Mahealani goes to the occupied BOC it's pretty stressful. Out of 80 documents maybe 2 or 3 have to be corrected which ends up being not that bad. What made our friend cry was this. That the BOC employees actually worked with Mahealani and Pili to get the docs through even if they were doing it begrudgingly and only then because they are just doing their job. This is what he told us, in Arizona and Ohio and I'm not so sure about Texas the employees of the BOC don't even talk to you. They just look at the paper and hand it right back to you. They don't even tell you what needs to be corrected. Many of them don't even look at the papers they just throw it right back at you. Hence the tears, kinda tears of joy to see that kind of "Aloha" exists to this day and sadness because it isn't so where he comes from.I have a favorite person that practices "The Law of Aloha" here on Maoliworld and he's also my children's favorite and I think he's everyone's favorite!
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Lies told on the U.S. Senate Floor by Senators Inouye and Dorgan Regarding the Akaka Bill

Once Again the Ultracrepidarian Critic Raises His Perverted Head. Here we have a foreign settler that professes to know more about Hawai'i's history than the people who actually come from Hawai'i. He rewrites our history and does a ballerina-spin in his tutu woven with his Boston-made yarn. This presents a battle of wills from perceptions and interpretation of concepts one has been raised with. His education is limited to what he reads in books and documents that can support his arguments. His affilliation with direct descendants of the traitors and conspirators bolster his arguments with their selective version of events and his yellow journalistic tactics to deride any opposition to his thwarted facts are most evident.

With Conklin, we, too, are faced with the concern of his ignorance or blatant lies. Distorting facts and total fabrication is obvious as well as withholding facts to enforce his arguments. His endeavor to kill the Akaka Bill is in accord with many of us but his reasoning and arguments are on the opposite side of the scale. He's emboldened to spout his myths brazonly while knowing most U.S. Americans will unknowingly side with his rhetoric. This self-aggrandizement of being the champion of the patriotic U.S. American fits his profile as a blind patriot with little substance.

Conklin will do well in stating things in a more correct light without the snide remarks that incite people to angrily react to his words. Robert Wuhl stated a very real observation regarding U.S. American history: "The stories that made up America (are) the stories that America made up." and "...when the legend becomes fact; print the legend." We can see this manifested in Conklin's account of what occurred in Hawai'i from the U.S. conspiracy, invasion, and occupation, annexation, and statehood.

Professional skeptic, Michael Shermer, says, "Humans tend to convince ourselves to believe: We over-value the 'hits' that support our beliefs, and discounts the more numerous 'misses'." I am certain that this is what Ken Conklin is greviously guilty of through exaggeration and distortion. His mislaid emphasis colors his bias within his arguments he employs to strengthen his third-hand information. He has made many incorrect statements and spins a fancy tale in relating the facts.

Conklin believes facts should fit into his imperfect accounts of what occurred to whitewash his country's guilt and erase the shame and dishonor it has self-imposed on itself. Paraphrasing other people's words doesn't help him make his points; thus, we shouldn't rely on Ken Conklin's account either, as much of what he says are a hodge-podge of nonsense. It will do better if one does their own research and get to know how the people of that time felt about what was going on. What is important is what the people in Hawaii thought of it at that time; since it involved them directly.

I won't debunk the contrived historical account given by Conklin since it is riddled by numerous errors and would be too lengthy in this writing to address. I will say that Slade Gorton and his fellow objectors felt betrayed by Inouye (whom I don't care for either) and were concerned that the "...logical consequences would be total independence." Inouye pronounced to Congress that the Hawaiians were loyal U.S. Americans and would not seek independence. There was no talk of it used to demand a race-based government handouts and to support a secessionist movement during the passage of the Apology Bill. The concern was that the Hawaiians would seek total independence and the de-occupation of the U.S. Under the circumstances, it would not be secession; we would be seeking de-occupation by the U.S. A.

The Akaka Bill is a contrived version of the sovereign nation of Hawai'i as perceived by U.S. Americans to fit the character akin to the Native Americans. Mr. Conklin should get his facts straight before posturing his own errant interpretations. He is printing the myth as fact; the stories that America made up!


Lies told on the U.S. Senate Floor by Senators Inouye and Dorgan Regarding the Akaka Bill
By Kenneth R. Conklin, Ph.D., 6/23/2008 6:38:15 AM
Thte Akaka bill may soon be debated in the U.S. Senate. That's why this is a good time to remind everyone about some flat-out lies told by Senators Dan Inouye (D, HI) and Byron Dorgan (D, ND) on the floor of the Senate on June 7, 2006 during debate on the cloture motion for the Akaka bill. The complete transcript of the entire Akaka-bill debate (about 300 pages covering about 5 hours of floor time) can be found at http://tinyurl.com/k299m

Senator Dorgan said: (Congressional Record page S5557): 'I will give a little bit of the history as vice chairman of the Committee on Indian Affairs. [He is now Chairman because the Democrats have the majority] ... January 16, 1893 - that is a long, long time ago“- the United States Minister John Stevens, who served, then, as Ambassador to the court of Queen Liliuokalani, directed a marine company onboard the USS Boston to arrest and detain the queen.

This is the queen that served the indigenous people in Hawaii. She was arrested. She was placed under arrest for 9 months at the palace.'

Senator Inouye said: (Congressional Record, page S5570): 'I think it is about time that we reach out and correct the wrong that was committed in 1893. Yes, at that time the representative of the people of the United States directed a marine company on an American ship to land and take over the government. They imprisoned our queen. No crime had been committed.

When the new government took over and turned itself over to the government of the United States and said, Please take us in, the President of the United States was President Cleveland at that time. He sent his envoy to Hawaii to look over the case. When he learned that the takeover had been illegal, he said this was an un-American act and we will not take over. The queen is free.'

These Senators are probably honorable gentlemen. They wouldn't knowingly tell lies on the Senate floor. Would they? The same falsehoods are being taught to thousands of children in Hawaii's schools, and to college students. They are 'urban legends' repeated so often that the general public comes to believe them.

These falsehoods are so widely accepted as fact that two Senators felt comfortable asserting them on the floor of the U.S. Senate as justification for a controversial bill. Only God can see into the hearts of Inouye and Dorgan to know whether they were merely ignorant or were knowingly telling lies. But either way, their colleagues in the Senate should not rely on anything they say about Hawaiian history.

Mark Twain said, 'A lie can travel half way around the world while the truth is putting on its shoes.' The falsehoods of Inouye and Dorgan were quick to tell; the truth will require more careful explanation.

What really happened in 1893?

The USS Boston had just returned to Honolulu from a training cruise to a different island. When the ship left on the cruise things had seemed politically stable; but when the ship arrived back in port the situation was frightening. The Queen had used bribery and intimidation to ram through some very controversial bills (distillery, lottery, and opium licensing bills) in the closing days of the legislature and then dismissed it.

Immediately thereafter she announced that she would unilaterally proclaim a new Constitution giving herself near-dictatorial powers. According to some sources her new Constitution would also take away voting rights from everyone except ethnic Hawaiians (After the revolution she destroyed all copies of her proposed Constitution so nobody could find out).

The Queen's personally appointed cabinet refused to endorse her new Constitution. Some of them ran out of the Palace in fear for their lives when she threatened them. Ethnic Hawaiians assembled on the Palace grounds expecting to hear a new Constitution being proclaimed; and instead the Queen told them to go home because some obstacles had arisen.

There were rumors that there would soon be riots and arson – several times in recent years there had been riots due to political instability, which had necessitated the landing of British and American sailors to restore order on those occasions.

A group of 1500 local men, including several hundred who belonged to an armed militia, was known to be planning a revolution. Mass meetings had already been going on for several days after the Queen tried to proclaim her new Constitution, so there was no secret that a revolution was underway.

The American diplomat, Minister Stevens, had gone on the USS Boston's training cruise, taking his family along. When the ship headed back to Honolulu Stevens' daughter stayed behind on another island to do some sightseeing. She was killed in an accident there, which Minister Stevens learned about just before the revolution, possibly affecting his judgment and concentration.

Now American residents pleaded with him to send sailors ashore as peacekeepers to protect American lives and property and to prevent rioting and arson. There were also citizens of other nations who were residents and business owners in Honolulu.

Some of them, including European diplomats, begged Minister Stevens for help, pointing out that the USS Boston was the only foreign ship in port with men who had rifles and military training. The revolutionaries were mostly Caucasian, so Europeans and Americans living in Honolulu were fearful that violence might be directed against Caucasians in general.

At Minister Stevens' request the ship's captain sent ashore 162 armed sailors on January 16, 1893, two days after the mass meetings and one day before the local militia took over buildings and issued their proclamation. The sailors were under orders to remain strictly neutral in the political conflict.

Some royalists imagined the sailors were landed to support the Crown -- that had happened 19 years previously when Kalakaua defeated Emma and Emma's supporters rioted. Some revolutionists imagined the sailors had come ashore to assist them.

The sailors marched past the Palace and the Government Building (Aliiolani Hale) on the way toward a suburban area (Waialae) where they hoped to spend the night. As they passed the Palace they respectfully dipped their flags in salute to the Queen.

When it turned out they had no place to spend the night, their officers made arrangements for them to sleep in a building (Arion Hall) located down a side street a block away from the Palace, with no direct view of the Palace or the Government Building. They went there that evening and remained in the building, or inside its fence.

The following day, January 17, the local militia finally completed its revolution by taking over the Government Building, where many armaments had been stored by the Queen's forces. The militia issued a proclamation abrogating the monarchy and announcing a Provisional Government.

Shortly thereafter the militia took over other buildings and disarmed the Royal Guard. The militia had zero assistance or supplies from the U.S. peacekeepers. The local militia arrested the Queen and escorted her to her private residence a block from the Palace. The Provisional Government then assigned members of the ex-queen's own (former) Royal Guard to protect her from harm, and paid the Guards' salaries.

Nobody touched the Queen or her property at her private home. There was some vandalism at Iolani Palace, and eventually the new government sold its furnishings. But vandalism is normal when revolutions overthrow a monarchy.

Also, the Palace and its contents were the property of the nation, not the personal property of the head of state; so whatever government was in power had the right to dispose of Palace contents.

One reason for the revolution was to put an end to the lavish lifestyle of a corrupt monarchy. The Queen was treated with extreme politeness and gentleness, especially when compared against what happened to the French and Russian royals when those countries had revolutions.

Throughout the revolution the U.S. peacekeepers remained strictly neutral. They never took over any buildings. They never surrounded the Palace or the Government Building. They never arrested the Queen. They never patrolled the streets. The armed revolutionary local militia easily maintained order, partly because they were strong and well trained, and partly because the Queen's forces were weak and had surrendered without a fight.

She wrote a letter saying she was surrendering temporarily to the superior forces of the U.S. until such time as the U.S. government would hear her case and restore her power. But she had that letter delivered to the revolutionary Provisional Government, not to the U.S. diplomat; indicating she knew the local Provisional Government was in charge and not the U.S.

She probably intended her letter of surrender, being addressed only to the U.S. and claiming it was only a temporary surrender, as a ruse. Being a clever politician she probably hoped a powerful distant nation whose incoming President was her personal friend would undo her loss to the local militia who had actually defeated her.

The U.S. Senate Committee on Foreign Affairs, whose chairman was Senator John T. Morgan (D, AL), spent January and February of 1894 investigating the U.S. role in the Hawaiian revolution. They took testimony under oath, in open session, with cross examination. The committee's official 808-page report, known as the Morgan Report, provides documentation for the facts above. See http://morganreport.org

Senator Dorgan was entirely wrong when he said 'United States Minister John Stevens ... directed a marine company onboard the USS Boston to arrest and detain the queen.' If that claim were true it would be a basis for blaming the U.S. for overthrowing the Hawaiian monarchy and demanding reparations. But it was false. The local militia of Hawaiian residents did all the heavy lifting of the revolution.

Senator Dorgan then continued with another sentence that contains a bit of truth but placed in the wrong time frame and falsely blaming the U.S. and Minister Stevens for what happened. Senator Dorgan says: 'She was arrested. She was placed under arrest for 9 months at the palace.'

The ex-queen was indeed arrested and held at the Palace - but not in 1893, not in connection with the overthrow of the monarchy, and certainly not by the U.S. peacekeepers. In January 1895 - two years after the revolution!

Robert Wilcox, a half-Hawaiian racial demagogue, attempted an armed counter-revolution which failed. Guns and bombs were found buried in the flower bed of the ex-queen's private home at Washington Place, where she also had signed commissions appointing cabinet ministers and department heads for her anticipated new government.

She was convicted of conspiracy in that treason. She did not spend 9 months under arrest in the Palace, as Senator Dorgan said; she spent only January 16 to September 6, 1895 -- seven and one half months. She had been sentenced to 5 years at hard labor and a $10,000 fine; but served only a few months in a huge Palace room with full-time maidservant.

Her 'hard labor' consisted of composing songs and sewing a quilt with monarchist political slogans and symbols. Later her friend, Republic of Hawaii President Sanford B. Dole, gave her a full pardon and allowed her to travel to Washington D.C. where she showed her gratitude by lobbying the Senate against Dole's most cherished dream of annexation.

Senator Dorgan also made a very misleading statement which ironically contained the truth about why Liliuokalani was overthrown. Dorgan said 'This is the queen that served the indigenous people in Hawaii.' Yes indeed!

But her job as Queen was to serve all the people in her multiracial nation. Saying that she was Queen only of 'the indigenous people' (i.e., ethnic Hawaiians) is what must be said to justify passing a racially exclusionary 'Native Hawaiian Government Reorganization' bill. But the fact that she saw herself as serving 'the indigenous people' exclusively or primarily is what caused her to be overthrown by those whom she was dis-serving.

Senator Inouye told similar falsehoods and also wrongly consolidated the events of 1893 with the events of 1895. Inouye was totally wrong when he said '... the representative of the people of the United States directed a marine company on an American ship to land and take over the government.' Inouye was totally wrong when he said 'They imprisoned our queen.' If Inouye is referring to 1895 when Liliuokalani was imprisoned at the Palace, he was totally wrong when he said 'No crime had been committed.' - 'Liliuokalani had indeed committed the crime of conspiracy in a violent counter-revolution in which men were killed. She allowed guns and bombs to be hidden in the flower bed of her private home, for which she was placed on trial, convicted, and sentenced to prison.

Inouye was also totally wrong to say the ex-queen's imprisonment was at the hands of the United States. The U.S. did not imprison her in the Palace in the 1893 revolution - it was the local militia which arrested her and escorted her to her private home where her former Royal Guard was paid by the Provisional Government to protect her against possible assassination. By 1895, when the ex-queen was indeed imprisoned, the U.S. peacekeepers were long gone from Hawaii“- Grover Cleveland's hatchet man (Blount) had removed the few remaining peacekeepers on April 1, 1893. Those who arrested and jailed her in 1895 were officers of the Republic of Hawaii.

Following his incorrect statements about the imprisonment of 1895, Inouye then returns to 1893 to the period of several months after the revolution, showing that Inouye thinks 1895 and 1893 were all intermingled and all to be blamed on the U.S. Talking about the Provisional Government's offer of a treaty of annexation immediately after the revolution, Inouye says 'When the new government took over and turned itself over to the government of the United States and said, Please take us in, the President of the United States was President Cleveland at that time. He sent his envoy to Hawaii to look over the case. When he learned that the takeover had been illegal, he said this was an un-American act and we will not take over. The queen is free.' But of course by the time President Cleveland issued his message to Congress it was December 18, 1893, 11 months after the revolution. Grover Cleveland never proclaimed 'The queen is free' because the Queen had never been under his authority for him to set her free! She had not even been imprisoned yet!

It is inexcusable for U.S. Senators to assert such falsehoods in a high-stakes debate, especially when they have many researchers and staff members who had been preparing these speeches for a long time. It's equally inexcusable for schools and colleges to be teaching such falsehoods in their textbooks and lesson plans when reputable scholars could easily be contacted for fact-checking.

In 1993 the U.S. Congress passed, and President Clinton signed, the apology resolution. This was a resolution of sentiment to commemorate the 100th anniversary of the overthrow of the Hawaiian monarchy. The resolution is filled with historical falsehoods and distortions similar to the ones uttered by Senators Dorgan and Inouye. It would require a book to describe and document the errors. The beginnings of such a discrediting of the apology resolution can be found in Chapter 10 of Thurston Twigg- Smith's book 'Hawaiian Sovereignty: Do the Facts Matter?' which can be downloaded in its entirety, free of charge, at http://www.hawaiimatters.com/

Another useful analysis is found in a monograph by constitutional law expert Bruce Fein, 'Hawaii Divided Against Itself Cannot Stand' which was reprinted in three installments in the Congressional Record of June 14, 15, and 16, 2005. http://tinyurl.com/ajz9s

A very interesting repudiation of the apology resolution is found in an article in the Wall Street Journal of August 16, 2005, at http://tinyurl.com/exdg3 Slade Gorton and Hank Brown, two former Senators who had fought against the apology resolution in 1993, published 'E Pluribus Unum? Not in Hawaii.' They reminded a nationwide audience about some of the historical falsehoods and alerted readers to the fact that the apology resolution is being abused to support the Akaka bill. In 1993 Gorton and Brown had warned their Senate colleagues that the apology resolution would be used to demand race-based government handouts and to support a secessionist movement. Senator Inouye had promised his colleagues, on the floor of the Senate, that the resolution would never be used in any such way. Now 12 years later Senators Gorton and Brown were saying 'See, we told you so.'

In his short story 'The Man Upstairs' P.G. Wodehouse wrote: 'It is a good rule in life never to apologize. The right sort of people do not want apologies, and the wrong sort take a mean advantage of them.' The way the apology resolution is being used today makes it abundantly clear that Wodehouse was right. The resolution should be repealed.

Dr. Conklin has lived in Kaneohe for 16 years. Most of this essay comes from pp. 118-124 of his recent book 'Hawaiian Apartheid: Racial Separatism and Ethnic Nationalism in the Aloha State' available at Amazon.com or http://tinyurl.com/2a9fqa

HawaiiReporter.com reports the real news, and prints all editorials submitted, even if they do not represent the viewpoint of the editors, as long as they are written clearly. Send editorials to mailto:Malia@HawaiiReporter.com


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FREE HAWAI'I NOW! The Truth Be Known

use4.jpglight3.gif steal.jpgPraying the "Akaka Bill" does NOT pass!The forceful overthrow of the Hawaiian Kingdom in 1893, displaced a country’s government and its lands, not the members of an ethnic group. It was the Hawaiian Kingdom — a nation — that was overthrown, not the aboriginal people — the kanaka maoli (what the U.S. and the STATE OF HAWAII insist on calling, “Native Hawaiians”). Yes, kanaka maoli were harmed by the loss of their nation, but so were many non-aboriginal subject/citizens of the Hawaiian Kingdom: Asians, Caucasian, Polynesians and so forth. This is a crucial point. When a nation is stolen, all the citizens of that nation are deprived of their country, not just the aboriginal people.

Both occupying governments, the U.S. Federal and its puppet, the STATE OF HAWAII, either assert or presume in their laws and policies, that the overthrow of 1893 affected only “native Hawaiians.” By purposefully limiting their culpability to “native Hawaiians,” the U.S. carefully conceals the scope of the problem, presenting it as an internal, localized, racial problem, rather than the violation of a sovereign nation.

As long as people buy this fraudulent “native Hawaiian” scenario, their perception of the situation (and whatever quest for remedy) will be skewed along racial lines rather than that of nation-hood. This tactic, used deliberately by the U.S. and the STATE OF HAWAII, creates confusion and division among the people of Hawaii (“divide and conquer”). Race-based programs deflect attention from the real issue of a stolen nation, and fosters insincere, token remedies, doomed to failure.

As an example: the Office of Hawaiian Affairs was created by the State of Hawaii under this false premise. While it is laudable to want to help native Hawaiians who have been wronged by the overthrow, it is a mistake to exclude from recourse and redress, other Hawaiian nationals who were also injured by the loss of their country.

If you were of Japanese ancestry and was born in Canada your nationality would be Canadian. If you were Chinese and born in California, you would be an American national. One’s nationality is determined by the nation of birth or of choice (by a willful act of naturalization), not by one’s ethnic background or bloodline.

At the time of the overthrow, there were many people from different origins and ethnic groups who called Hawaii home. Many of them were naturalized citizens and enjoyed the benefits and responsibilities as citizens/subjects of the Hawaiian Kingdom. Those who were citizens of Hawaii in 1893 were also injured when their nation was summarily taken and occupied by a foreign government, without their consent and, in fact, over their vociferous protests.

Their descendants, should they choose to assert their lawful birthrights, have legitimate claim to the return of their country and Hawaiian Kingdom citizenship and a stake in matters of reconciliation, redress and restitution involving the Hawaiian Kingdom.

In Summary......In 1893, the Hawaiian Kingdom, a progressive, literate, flourishing, peaceful, neutral nation, was seized by a group of malcontents desiring full economic and political control of these islands. The illegal insurrection was aided by the United States, betraying its forty-year-old treaty of friendship, commerce and peace with the Hawaiian Kingdom. Fueled by the forces of “manifest destiny,” ambition, the Spanish-American War and cultural and racial prejudices, the United States illegally “acquired” Hawaii from the illegal rebel government in 1898.

Stealing property is unlawful. Accepting possession of stolen property is unlawful. Governments created as a result of an initially unlawful act are also unlawful. Therefore, regardless of its disguise as a “state” within the United States of America, the “STATE OF HAWAII” is unlawful.

This also means that though seriously impaired, the lawful, sovereign entity, the Hawaiian Kingdom, still exists!Therefore, the presence of the United States and its imposition of U.S. domestic laws on the people, the territories, the economy, the natural resources and the laws of the Hawaiian Kingdom, constitute a “belligerent occupation.” This type of occupation is patently illegal according to international law.

Justice demands that stolen property must be returned to the original owner. This applies to nations as well. If justice is to be served, the United States must withdraw and return the Hawaiian Kingdom to all the people of the Hawaiian Kingdom, not the people of an ethnic group deviously identified by the U.S. as “native Hawaiians.

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http://stopakakabill.comhttp://unkauinoa.orgletter is being sent to every member of the US Senate.fab)
Nation of Hawaii KahiliNation of Hawaii header
The Honorable John McCain
Chair, Indian Affairs Committee
United States Senate
Washington, DC
Fax No: 202-224-5429

Dear Senator:

Aloha. On behalf of my People, the Kanaka Hawai'i Maoli (Native Hawaiians), and in particular the Independent and Sovereign Nation State of Hawaii, I write to oppose in the strongest terms possible the Akaka legislation for the reasons indicated in the attached Lecture by our Counsel Professor Francis A. Boyle attached below.

I respectfully request that you:

  1. Publicly oppose the Akaka legislation.
  2. Speak out against it during the Senate debate.
  3. Vote against it.

In addition, I also respectfully request that you enter my Letter and Professor Boyle's Lecture into the Congressional Record and circulate them to your colleagues.

In the event you have any questions, you may contact me directly or Professor Boyle at 217-333-7954. I look forward to hearing from you about this urgent request at your earliest convenience. Please confirm receipt of this message.

Respectfully Yours,

Bumpy Kanahele Signature
Pu'uhonua Bumpy D.K. Kanahele

Head of State
Independent and Sovereign Nation State of Hawai'i

41-1300 Waikupanaha Street, Waimanalo, Hawai'i 96795 Tel: 808-259-9018 Fax: 808-259-9909 E-Mail: pu.uhonua@verizon.net

Prof. Francis A. Boyle Lecture
Regarding Akaka Legislation

Honolulu, 28 December 2004

You can listen to the entire audio here.

A caveat to readers: This is an unofficial transcript provided for the information and convenience of our readers, and accuracy is not guaranteed. Areas that were inaudible to the transcriber are indicated with an ellipsis. For the most part these are small words or phrases that don't appear to change the meaning of the statements.


Thanks for coming ... between the holidays and da kine and all of that...

The Nation of Hawaii and the Office of Hawaiian Affairs are both co-sponsors in this event. We're actually doing a four-island in two-day talk ...

We just came in from Kaua'i, it was a good showing. But there's a lot of things that have sparked the independence movement in Hawaii. And, well, one, and the most important, the most important thing that happened to us, was 11 years ago, same day, December 28, almost the same time, that our guest speaker was here. There's a lot I'd like to say about him, he's actually been the only international lawyer I know who's been on the front lines across the world working with indigenous and native people all over the world.

So, once again I'd like to thank especially the Office of Hawaiian Affairs. You know for us there's been an independence movement for a long time, but we always got shut out, we felt that we were always getting shut out, it could be attitude both ways but we also felt too that that the independence movement was always shortchanged financially where promotions would go one way and not the other way so maybe this is a breakthrough...and the independence side can break through and actually start working with each other, working with the Office. You know the Office is also sponsoring the Hawaiian Coalition which is going on, they have talks and they're talking about sovereignty as well. But really this initiative is the beginning of an all-year initiative...next year what we'd like to do is take the video, edit it down and go throughout the islands in 2005 and just get this message out.

We need balance on the playing field and we're not having that. This is why I'm glad that the Office actually... it was Clyde Namuo and several of the trustees that actually said "We'll, we got to do it we're talking about the same thing and we have to get out and educate the people." And the Nation felt that it was more so important that we go back and look at the Apology Bill again because that is the foundation that even sparks and puts forward the Akaka Bill, not only independence. So right now it's education time let's hear it from somebody who eleven years ago was way ahead of his time ... and it's finally coming to a point where each one of us who is Hawaiian is going to have to make a choice. But me, as a Hawaiian, I don't want to be pushed into what I don't want or what I don't know. I like to hear from different views, different people, experts. which Iive done over the years. I've heard a lot of different people speak.

There's only two sides, independence and being... that's it, there are no other alternatives. Some how some way you folks are going to have dig way inside your na'au and actually take the information and hopefully ... too and choose the side ....

So without further ado, I'd like to introduce you to our guest speaker, Professor Francis Anthony Boyle.


I would like to express my thanks to my good friend Bumpy Kanahele and the Nation of Hawaii for inviting me, and also to the Office of Hawaiian Affairs for sponsoring my lectures here in Hawaii.

As you know in the 108th congress, the Akaka legislation did not pass but it appears that it will be re-introduced into the new congress probably along the lines of the Akaka-Abercrombie legislation we have now. And, just recently Senator Inouye has said he thinks it will pass in the 109th congress. Well, with all due respect to Senator Inouye, I don't believe he is a prophet yet.

But, what I want to do here is to go through the Akaka-Abercrombie legislation as it died in the current session of congress on the assumption it will be, as promised, introduced into the new session and give you my assessment of what it means for Kanaka Maoli. Understand it's your future that is at stake here, not mine. All I can do is come out and give you the benefit of my analysis and interpretation as I see the legislation. And then you will have to decide what to do.

What struck me right at the beginning of S344, that's the Senate version introduced by Senator Akaka and then the House version, HR665, by Congressman Abercrombie, there are slight differences which I will comment on later. But what struck me right at the beginning was it says "...provide a process for recognition of the Native Hawaiian governing entity." And they used the word 'entity' notice they did not use the word 'government.' They're not going to give native Hawaiians a government and that's what they're going to give you is an entity. Well, I expect many of us here are trying to work for peace in the Middle East and one thing that is clear is that when Arab governments or states or people wish to express disrespect for Israel, instead of calling it the state of Israel or the government of Israel, they call it the Zionist entity. It's a term of disrespect, not respect, to say we're going to give you an entity.

It'd be' certainly there is no way anyone can promote peace and reconciliation in the Middle East by referring to Israel as nothing more than the "Zionist entity" and I'm not exactly sure then how the United States Congress is going to promote peace and reconciliation with Kanaka Maoli by giving you a Kanaka entity. So that did strike me right off the top and indeed it seems pretty clear this is very carefully drafted by lawyers who knew exactly what they were doing and how they were going to do it.

In the Findings clause, you'll note, they say in the Akaka draft quote "Native Hawaiians, the native people of the Hawaiian archipelago that is now part of the United States". Well, isn't that the issue? The United States government says the Hawaiian Archipelago is part of the united States but is it legally part of the United States was it lawfully acquired by the United States? The Apology Resolution already said "No," and you have my detailed analysis of the Apology Resolution back on the table there. I'm not going to go back through the Apology Resolution at this point. But we're now at the next stage, remember, the Apology Resolution called for reconciliation between Native Hawaiians and the United States...and apparently now Akaka-Abercrombie is their definition of what this reconciliation and settlement of claims, final settlement of claims, is all about.

This same Findings clause later continues with a boldface lie saying Native Hawaiians are indigenous native people of the United States. Well, of course that's preposterous ' Native Hawaiians are the indigenous native people of Hawaii and the Kingdom of Hawaii, not the United States. The United States is 2600 miles in that direction according to my itinerary coming out here from Los Angeles last night.

International lawyers, and indeed the World Court and others, have what's known as the "Blue Water Rule." And the Blue Water Rule is quite simply when you have a metropolitan state separated by an ocean from another territory that they claim to be their own, the truth of the matter is that other territory is a colony, subject to the UN decolonization resolution and, as you know, and indeed as my friend Kekuni Blaisdell has argued quite successfully so for many years, the United States illegally removed Hawaii from the Article 73 list of colonial territories that should have been decolonized and have refused to report and never applied the decolonization resolution to Hawaii, in violation of its obligation under the terms of the United Nations Charter that is ... Hawaii and many of the other colonial territories that it has now and still holds, separated by 'blue water' from the continental United States.

Just because the United States says Hawaii is now part of the United States doesn't mean it's so as a matter of international law. At one point, France annexed Algeria and then determined by law that Algeria was a département of France, legally equivalent to Paris, which is also a département of France. And yet today, Algeria is an independent nation state and a member of the United Nations organization. No one accepted the attempt by France to annex and "internalize" Algeria. And these same principles of international law surely apply to Hawaii.

Now, moving through the Abercrombie legislation, it talks about treaties between the United States and the Kingdom of Hawaii, most of which were violated by the United States of America. Here, mostly importantly, the Treaty of Friendship, Commerce and Navigation of 1849 that guaranteed, the United States guaranteed, the Kingdom of Hawaii perpetual peace and amity ' perpetual peace and amity. And that treaty was never terminated by either party. So technically as a matter of law, it still exists. Today, the United States is still supposed to be promising the Kingdom of Hawaii and Kanaka Maoli perpetual peace and amity. And I should point out, that treaty, and all the other treaties that are violated, are the supreme law of the land under Article 6 of the United States Constitution. So they violated their own constitution as well.

Now, there was an interesting result when Keanu Sai and I sued the United States in the United States Supreme Court under the original jurisdiction clause in 1998 on the 100th anniversary of the illegal annexation of Hawaii by the United States. Keanu and I pleaded all of these treaties, everyone of them, and we demanded that the United States Supreme Court order the United States federal government to restore the Kingdom of Hawaii and, in addition, to pay reparations for all the harm that have been inflicted on the Kingdom of Hawaii including the violation of numerous treaties.

What happened in this lawsuit surprised even me. The justices of the United States Supreme Court met three times and eventually they rejected the entire lawsuit, refused to let us even file the lawsuit, and returned our filing fee which is almost without precedent, they always want money to pay those bills. Why did they return our filing fee and all of our documents? And I had about a 45-minute conversation, argument, call it what you want, with the Deputy Clerk of the Court in which he said well, they had him call up the State Department and the State Department that the United States does not recognize the kingdom of Hawaii and therefore the Supreme court has decided not to let us even docket our papers and accept our fee. The reason is that there is a black letter rule of US constitutional law that non-recognized sovereigns cannot have access to United States courts.

Now what I found curious about that is that apparently they were taking the position, the Supreme Court justices, that the Kingdom of Hawaii was a non-recognized sovereign state. In other words, we were a sovereign state but we just weren't recognized by the State Department. That's a very interesting result in that proceeding. And I do want to commend Keanu Sai for doing so much hard work to get this very important and precedential proceeding and ruling by the United States Supreme Court to commemorate the 100th anniversary of the illegal annexation of Hawaii.

Now, the Akaka legislation then continues by conceding yes by means of these treaties the United States recognized the independence of the Kingdom of Hawaii. That's correct. And as I pointed out they also guaranteed perpetual peace and amity, that means forever. They afforded full diplomatic recognition to the Kingdom of Hawaii and as I said that treaty of peace and amity was never terminated by either party, it was never formally terminated. It is still the supreme law of the land in the United States under the United States Constitution. And this is where Keanu and I tried to argue in the United States Court, if they had docketed our papers, we would have been there arguing this point. But it raises the issue then that the Kingdom of Hawaii itself, as a state, was never properly terminated. In other words, it still exists legally. There are still treaties, the Kingdom of Hawaii is still a party to these treaties, not only with the United States but also with a fairly large number of other states.

You recall your kings and your queen were very foresighted in establishing diplomatic relations and treaty relations with a large number of other states at the time. Now, the haoles said "Oh, this is an unnecessary expenditure of funds" but your kings and your queen understood that this would be a way to further solidify the existence of the Kingdom of Hawaii as a state under international law and practice. And we have to keep that clear. Later on, I'll make a distinction between a state and a government. In international law, that 's a critical distinction ' a state and a government. So today I think we have our state, it's the Kingdom of Hawaii. We don't have a government but we do have a state and we have treaties.

In the' Akaka then moves on by going back to the Apology Resolution concessions, it says yes again, the Kanaka Maoli never relinquished their claims to inherent sovereignty ' that's right ' as a people over their lands either by the monarchy itself we know that we never did or plebiscite or referendum we never validly surrendered any of our rights to the United States of America. and notice they use the word sovereignty, you have the soveriegnty. They conceded that in the apology resolution. The sovereignty is that of the Kanaka Maoli not the untied states indeed the united states from the perspective of international law has a of circa 1893 up til 1898 for sure was and still is nothing more than a belligerent occupant of Hawaii. It invaded, it conquered and it intended to annex but at all times it remained a belligerent occupant subject to the laws of war and the laws of belligerent occupation. And what does that mean, occupation even annexation, cannot change sovereignty. The sovereignty resides in the hands of the displaced sovereign, which in this case is the Kingdom of Hawaii and the Kanaka Maoli people. And they simply cannot go out and annex Hawaii and hold it unto themselves. That sovereignty is still in the hands of Kanaka Maoli and it still resides within the Kingdom of Hawaii and basically they do concede that in the Apology Resolution and the Akaka draft bill.

Now, they then move on in these Findings clauses and point out that Native Hawaiians give expression to their rights as native people to self-determination, self-government and economic self-sufficiency. Notice here they see self-determination under international law and practice. The Kanaka Maoli have a right of self-determination. What does that mean? The Kanaka Maoli determine for yourselves what is your future. Do you want to restore that Kingdom of Hawaii? Do you want to become a state of the United States of America? Do you want something like Puerto Rico has in its relations with the United States as a commonwealth? But the question of self-determination is for you to decide, not them. And the Kanaka Maoli, as even the Apology Resolution and the Akaka legislation concede, have never had the opportunity to validly exercise your right of self determination in accordance with international law and practice. And they're conceding that right of self-determination here.

Now, you might say "Well, why are they giving us all these concessions? Aren't they doing us a favor?" And my reading of the legislation is No. The reason they're making these concessions is so that at the end of the day, assuming Akaka passes into law, they can then say "Well, now the Akaka legislation, this is their exercise of self-determination and they're going along with this procedure for the Native Hawaiian entity and they are now going to exercise their right of self-determination and their inherent sovereignty within the context of our entity that we are giving them that we will not even bother to call a government. We're not even going to give the Native Hawaiians a government, we're just going to give them an entity and that's their sovereignty, that's their self-determination and then we'll stop at that. That can be their choice."

Now they also point out of course the Native Hawaiians do provide healthcare, education, employment, children services, language etc, etc. This is, or, the way you build a state or rebuild a state or restore a state is from the ground up, not the top down. No one's going to give you a state, especially not the Untied States of America. You have to build that state from the ground up by providing basic services to your own people.

Look at the way the Palestinians have done this in occupied Palestine. They do not rely on the Israeli occupational authorities to provide any services to their people because they know they're not going to get it. So the Palestinians have to go out .. education, healthcare, nutrition, training etc. to their own people living under a very brutal military occupation regime but they're building it. They're building their state from the ground up, not the top down. And you Kanaka Maoli have all the elements and the rudiments to do this ' you are in the process of doing this. You just have to do more and do it better and be more organized and more effective.

Later on, the Akaka legislation then says quote "this act provides a process within the framework of Federal Law for Native Hawaiian people to exercise their inherent rights." Well again, that is the agenda here ' they want to divert and limit all of your rights of self-determination, sovereignty, your right to the restoration of the Kingdom of Hawaii ' all within this process that will lead to nothing more than a Kanaka entity, and all determined by United States Federal Law. You'll note there's no reference at all here to international law except the treaties which they've already conceded they have violated.

But, rather than specify well what are your rights under International Law, they try to limit them to federal, United States Federal Law. Now, of course from the perspective of International Law, not United States Federal Law, if you have a violation of these treaties, and Keanu Sai and I tried to argue this at the US Supreme Court and in the papers we filed it's quite sensibly argued, I pointed out that the appropriate remedy for treaty violations is restitution even as recognized by the World Court. And I pointed this out in my analysis of the Apology Resolution. And by the Latin terminology restitutio in integrum - return the situation to the way it existed before the treaty violation.

In other words the United States has an obligation to restore the Kingdom of Hawaii, to return the situation to what it was when it signed that 1849 Treaty of Friendship, Commerce and Navigation and promised the Kingdom of Hawaii perpetual peace and amity.

That is the real ... under international law and practice, not setting up some bogus little entity, and then as we'll see, has very little rights to begin with and powers and yet they will then claim that this is your final exercise of self-determination and sovereignty within our little straightjacket - the final solution for the Kanaka Maoli. That's what they have in mind here.

Now, they say they will give you a council, Native Hawaiian interim governing council. Here you can see again they borrowed this language, this idea from the Middle East peace process. This is what the Israelis promised the Palestinians in the Oslo Accords. I was their lawyer at the time and it was an interim, provisional interim governing council that they promised them, but notice it's not a government, the adjective is very cleverly drafted. They tried to do this same stuff to the Palestinians too and instead of saying it's a government they put it "governing," but it modifies "council" so it's nothing more than a council. Well, you know, the Boy Scouts have their council too, the Boy Scouts Council. Hey, I'm a former Eagle Scout, I have nothing against the Boy Scouts but you know we're talking here of the future of Kanaka Maoli. So they knew what they were doing. They could have easily reversed this and said yeah we're going to give you a councilior [??] government but instead they're giving you a governing council so Governing was put in there to sort of ... to think well, you're really getting a government with governmental powers but you're not getting any of this. You'll get a council, like the Boy Scouts.

And finally, it turns out that this council that they're going to give Kanaka Maoli will be subject to the jurisdiction and control of the Secretary of the Interior, not the Secretary of State but the Secretary of the Interior, again the assumption being that Hawaii is somehow interior to the United States. Well, you know, all you have to do is look at a globe and you'll find out that Hawaii is not interior to the United States. But, put that issue aside. Who is the Secretary of the Interior today? The Honorable Gale Norton.

The Honorable Gale Norton is a member of the right-wing racist reactionary federalist society. And it was the federalist society lawyers that organized Rice v. Cayetano. They were the ones behind Rice v Cayetano. They sponsored the litigation, they argued the litigation, they took it all the way to the United States Supreme Court. Four of those justices were members of the federalist society and Justice Rehnquist ... a fellow traveler and they give you Rice v Cayetano argued that OHA was racist, and therefore the haoles get to vote for the OHA trustees.

So they are, under this legislation, they are going to turn Kanaka Maoli over to the tender mercies of federalist society lawyers in the Secretary of the Interior, Norton being one, and most of her legal staff that she brought in with her are all federalist society lawyers. These are the people that brought you Rice v Cayetano and this assault on OHA. Do you really think that the Secretary of the Interior will care one wit about the Kanaka Maoli?

We know for a fact that the Department of the Interior has looted and plundered hundreds of millions of dollars of the so-called trust fund that the United States set up for American Indians. We don't know the exact figure because a federal district judge, despite repeated orders to get an accounting, has been told by Secretary Norton, "Take a hike." And it does not look likely at all we're ever going to get a figure on how much money was looted and plundered by the Department of the Interior and the Secretary of the Interior for American Indians. Well, what do you think they're going to do to Kanaka Maoli when they get their tentacles in you, if they've already done this to American Indians? Well, they're not going to treat you any better, I think, than American Indians. You'll probably get similar treatment, looting and plundering.

Moving on then, it's very interesting, then they refer to 150 federal laws recognizing Native Hawaiians have an inherent right to autonomy in their internal affairs. Well, already that is undercut in destroying the right of self-determination. which they have conceded in both the Apology Resolution and in the Akaka legislation.

Sure, if all you want is autonomy in your internal affairs, fine, that is for you to decide but self-determination, which they have conceded legally for the Kanaka Maoli, means a lot more than that. It means that if you want the Kingdom of Hawaii to be restored as a state, to have your independence, that is your right pursuant to self-determination.

But here they are significantly trying to cut it down. Not only are they trying to cut it down to self-determination to autonomy, but they have further limited autonomy. Again, I've seen the State Department try to do the same thing with the Palestinians, they further limited autonomy by saying an autonomy only in their internal affairs, no other autonomy. Well, at least the Palestinians were given autonomy. There was no attempt made to say we'll only give you autonomy in your internal affairs. So notice they cut down self-determination first to autonomy, and then they limited the autonomy to only your internal affairs. So, basically you're getting less than even the Israelis were prepared to give the Palestinians which, again, in my opinion, does not augur well for the future.

It's very interesting that finally we get to the governing matter in Section 7, it says "The right of the Native Hawaiian people to organize for their common welfare and [to] adopt appropriate organic documents is recognized by the United States." So, the United States is recognizing the right of the Hawaiian people to adopt 'documents.' Notice it doesn't say 'laws,' they're not giving you the right to adopt laws. It doesn't even say regulations which are somewhat less than laws. All you get is the right to adopt documents. Now that's nice but the State Department and the Israelis were even prepared to give the Palestinians in the Oslo Accords.

Now what is a 'document?' Well, the law has a definition of a 'document.' I have a piece of Kleenex here and now I'm going to date it and put "IOU 5Œ¯á" on there and I'll sign my name. And all of sudden ... that piece of Kleenex becomes a document as far as the law is concerned. But you know and I know it's still a piece of Kleenex. That's all they're giving you here. You can adopt whatever documents you want, you can bring in all the signed Kleenex you want but that's all you get, as far as we're concerned. Now you could bring in the phone book here for Honolulu, that's great, but we will not recognize your right to do anything more than that. You can't make laws. You can't make regulations. So in other words, you don't have legal authority really to do anything but you can have as many pieces of Kleenex as you want.

Whoever drafted this was very careful, very clever, I'm sure it was probably those same federalist society lawyers over there in the Department of the Interior who gave you Rice v Cayetano. It wouldn't surprise me at all.

Well, then we get into the election of this council and it turns out of course that the whole determination of who gets to elect the council is under the control of the Secretary of the Interior. Well I've already commented on our current Secretary of the Interior, but, you know, let's suppose that we get St. Peter as the Secretary of the Interior. Well, it's not the right of St. Peter to decide for the Kanaka Maoli who is Kanaka Maoli. Under the right of self-determination of people, it is for the Kanaka Maoli to decide who are Kanaka Maoli, not the Secretary of the Interior, let alone St. Peter or anyone else.

That's the essence of self-determination, you decide who you are. The United States federal government has no right to determine who are Kanaka Maoli. Now I know they try to do that all the time but the end doesn't mean it's lawful, that doesn't mean it's right under international law. Self-determination means you decide, they don't decide.

Now we get to the powers of this council. And, here, two things, first the council only represents individuals, Kanaka Maoli, that's it. it doesn't represent anyone or anything else, especially and including land. It has no control over land. None. Indeed, if there was any doubt about that, Section 2 says "council shall have no powers other than the powers given to the council under this act." Well again that contradicts the principle of self-determination and inherent sovereignty. The Kanaka Maoli should be able to decide what powers this council has, not the United States Congress. And yet they've made it very clear, all you get is what limited powers we give you. And what is that? Well, the council can represent individual Kanaka Maoli, and it's very interesting the way it's drafted, it doesn't say the council may represent Kanaka Maoli, no, the council will only represent individuals on this list drawn up by the Secretary of the Interior. So it will represent individuals but not the people, not the Kanaka Maoli themselves, as the government of the Kingdom of Hawaii. So what they're trying to do to you here is atomize you. To eliminate your status as a people, under international law and practice, with the right of self-determination.

And they do this all the time. Up in Geneva at the Indigenous Peoples Forum they've refused to recognize that indigenous people are people, are people, they call them indigenous persons. Why? Well, because a people have a right of self-determination and the United States doesn't want indigenous people to have a right of self-determination, so they just call them indigenous persons. .....atomized group not the people ....

Moreover, as I've said, it's clear that this council has no control over land. None, it isn't there. Later on they say, well, at some point in the indefinite future we might consider giving this council some control over some land, but we're not making any promises. That's it. Well, again, very similar to what happened to the Palestinians in the Camp David Accords, where the Camp David Accords called for autonomy for the Palestinian people, again, what they're giving you is less than that here and after Camp David was over, the Prime Minister of Israel, Menachem Begin, said that's only autonomy for the people and not for the land.

It only calls for autonomy for the people. So you get a council that represents people but no control over the land. Now later on President Carter contradicted that and said no, it calls for autonomy for the people and the land because otherwise what good is autonomy. If you can't control people and land, what good is it? Unfortunately in the Oslo Accords, again, I served as lawyer ..., that's exactly what the Palestinians got. They got a council, an autonomy, a people and no control over the land. And that's what they're trying to give you here. It will be a council that represents individuals, not even Kanaka Maoli as a whole, and with no power over land.

And indeed at this point, sever the people from the land. We'll have the people over here and the land is over there and maybe at some point in the indefinite future, we might join them, maybe we won't. It might be a smaller amount, it might be a larger amount - who knows? We'll decide that when it's time to get to that issue.

And indeed that's made very clear in the section about negotiations that at some point in the future the talk about transfer of lands ... So, this council has no land, no natural resources, no assets, it can't tax. So what effective power does it have, except to represent this atomized group of individual Kanaka Maoli?

And finally, to add insult to injury, starting out treating you like American Indians and Senator Akaka .... to the Indian Affairs Council in the Senate, says "But by the way, you Kanaka Maoli, even though we're going to treat you like Indians we're not going to give you any of the benefits ..." and that's made very clear in Section 9b, "Nothing contained in this act provides authorization for eligibility to anything run by the Bureau of Indian Affairs," which is also determined and under the jurisdiction and control of the Secretary of the Interior.

Now before I move on to an alternative. I did want to say just a few words about the Abercrombie draft bill in the House. ... legislation you know there's usually a bill in the Senate, there's a bill in the House, there are differences. Assuming they pass, they go to a conference and get reconciled .....

And in many areas Abercrombie just tracks Akaka but there are some significant differences that I think need to be commented on because at the end of the day if this legislation passes you could be ending up with Abercrombie instead of Akaka, or some combination, some hybrid combination.

..... Congressman Abercrombie referred his bill to the Committee on Resources. Well, at least Senator Akaka referred his bill to the Committee on Indian Affairs, and he's treating the Kanaka Maoli like human beings. Whereas this one goes to the Committee on Resources, you'll be in there with the streams and the rivers and the coal mines, and things of that nature. And so obviously they're thinking of you as a natural resource. You're valuable to the tourists so they have to think of you Kanaka Maoli as an economic resource here to attract tourists so that we haole can make money. So that's all made very clear right in the beginning of the Abercrombie legislation.

And of course he does again track all the treaties that they have violated going through Akaka and the Apology Resolution but what I really wanted to comment on here was the one section in Abercrombie that is not in Akaka that in my opinion really gives the whole game away. And that's Section 3 on Ceded Lands "Those lands which were ceded to the United States by the Republic of Hawaii and which were later transferred to the State of Hawaii'"

Well, one second, they're conceding that all United States lands that they got here in Hawaii came from the Republic of Hawaii but they've already admitted that the Republic of Hawaii illegally overthrew the Kingdom of Hawaii. They've admitted and conceded this. So in other words, the Republic of Hawaii never had valid title over any lands here in Hawaii to begin with. That's clear. It was a thief, the Republic of Hawaii, and this was thievery by which they stole your lands. And in this .. they're conceding that, yes, that the United States took the lands stolen from the Kanaka Maoli by the Republic of Hawaii and called them their own and then transferred some of them to the State of Hawaii. But that still doesn't alter the fundamental nature of theft. The United States has no valid title to any of these lands to begin with because they're conceding they got what they got from the Republic of Hawaii and that is clearly illegal theft.

So, this legislation we've got here, if it is passed, will try to quiet title to all of that. They know there is a problem out here with all title in Hawaii because it all goes back to this original act of theft in 1893. How do you establish valid title under those circumstances when they've conceded it's an act of thievery to begin with? And this legislation will try to quiet that title so that people can then say "Well yes, now we can convey valid title."

Keanu Sai a lot of work on this issue .... the very valid legal issue, well how do you get title out of here in Hawaii when so much of it goes back to this act of thievery in 1893? Well, of course, you Kanaka Maoli will have to decide where you stand on Akaka/Abercrombie. I've given you my analysis about it but from an international law perspective certainly I think some points are clear: one, the existence of the Kingdom of Hawaii as a state under international law and practice was never validly extinguished, it's still there, in essence. It needs to be revived and restored. Indeed, as I pointed out in that Treaty of Friendship, Commerce and Navigation, the United States promised perpetual peace and amity and the correct remedy is restitutio in integrum - return the situation to what it was before the violation in 1893 which the United States conceded in the Apology Resolution was conducted by our agents. in other words, we're responsible for what happened in 1892.

This is why Bumpy Kanahele and the 'Ohana council and others issued their Proclamation Restoring the Independence of the Sovereign Nation State of Hawaii [Proclamation of the Restoration of the Independence of the Sovereign Nation State of Hawaii] on January 17th, 1994. Notice it was not a declaration of independence, you already had your independence. Independence did not need to be declared - what needed to be done was to restore that which had been stolen.

Now there are 4 requirements for a state under international law and practice: 1, a permanent population; 2, territory; 3, a functioning government; and 4, the capacity to conduct international relations.

Well, in this case, we already have a state, the Kingdom of Hawaii, that was never validly terminated - it still exists there in most degrees[??].

Second, a permanent population. We have that, the Kanaka Maoli. Despite all the efforts to diminish your numbers, including outright acts of genocide, you're still here and you're still on your land. The essence of sovereignty is a people still living on their land and still asserting their rights and that gives you enormous power in dealing with the haoles. They know who you are, this is your land and people still ... And you have to pursue to restore that ....

Third, a government. And here we come to the problem that I think confronts Kanaka Maoli today, at least in my opinion, you probably have a different assessment, but as an international lawyer. We have a state but we don't have a government. We have a state - it's the Kingdom of Hawaii but there is no functioning government for the Kingdom of Hawaii that represents all Kanaka Maoli.

We have, as you know, several different organizations that have drafted constitutions that represent certain segments of the Kanaka Maoli. But in my opinion what we really need now is a government of national unity for the Kingdom of Hawaii. We need all the disparate groups and factions to come together and settle ...

Again, this was the situation that confronted the Palestinians 35 years ago. There were many different groups, and organizations, and factions. And yet eventually the late president Arafat and his organization Fatha were able to pull them all together, and by the process of consensus and debate and agument and set up a government. Today the Palestinian state is recognized by about 130 states, starting out with nothing in 1969. And they have de facto, but not yet de jure, UN membership. The only reason they are not yet a UN member is the threat of a veto by the United States government. But even then, President Bush himself has stated that his ultimate objective is a Palestinian state.

Now of course it's not for President Bush to give the Palestinians a state, they have their own state, they're making their own state. Palestinians struggle for their own state just as Kanaka Maoli will have to struggle for their own state. Even General Sharon, the Prime Minister of Israel has admitted in public debate in their parliament, the Knesset, that the Palestinians have their own state.

So they made a lot of progress but they had to put together a government that united them all. An effective government that could represent the interests of all the people and move forward from there and this was done in a democratic way despite the rigours ... military occupation that is still inflcted upon them today.

So we need, I think from my perspective, you have to decide this, a government of national unity for the Kingdom of Hawaii that pulls together all the different groups and organizations and movements, etc. with a common platform and program and speaks for as many Kanaka Maoli as possible. And then, build that state from the ground up. You're not going to get your state by going to court. Keanu Sai and I tried going to the US Supreme Court. I felt, even though I thought the odds were quite high, I thought the effort had to be made, especially to commemorate the 100th anniversary of the illegal annexation, we had to do something and Keanu and I did. Build that state from the ground up with this government of national unity.

And then, fourth, the capacity to conduct international relations. To go out with this ... unity and take off where the Kingdom left off, that is, to try to re-establish diplomatic and treaty relations with all those states and those governments that the Kingdom had diplomatic relations with as of 1893. And again, your kings and your queen knew full well the critical importance of doing so. So you have to go back and pick up where the Kingdom left off in 1893. Re-establish those relations, re-assert those treaties and then try to extend. And to do both processes at the same time, the provisional government building the state, helping to build that state from the ground up, and then second, seeking that international recognition and relations as best as possible.

Obviously this is a long-term agenda, the problem has been here since at least 1893 and if not going back to circa the Bayonet Consitution, it's not going to resolve tomorrow. But look at the tremendous progress the Palestinians have made in just 35 years. And I see the tremendous progress Kanaka Maoli have made just in these last 11 years. I've been here since then but the last time ... we talked about human rights and now it's the question of independence and sovereignty. So there has been a lot of progress but in my opinion there has to be a lot more. The next step, I think, I would recommend you consider is to move forward on this government of national unity.

Bumpy Kanahele InformationBumpy Kanahele
Bumpy Kanahele Tattoo Arm

Francis A. Boyle
Law Building
504 E. Pennsylvania Ave.
Champaign, IL 61820 USA
217-333-7954 (voice)
217-244-1478 (fax)
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Kalo at the Heart of Hearing

Most residents back county resolutions for cultural reasonsby Nathan Eagle - THE GARDEN ISLANDMore than a dozen residents opposed to genetically modified taro hoisted the culturally important plant and flaunted “protect your roots” shirts behind farmers who testified before the Kaua‘i County Council, yesterday, at the Historic County Building.The council has proposed resolutions supporting three bills pending at the state Legislature that would impose a 10-year moratorium on developing or growing genetically engineered taro, create a taro security and purity task force and fund statewide research on the apple snail, an invasive pest threatening the crop.Supporters, representing the vast majority of speakers who addressed the council during the hours-long hearing, said messing with the genetic make-up of taro disrespects Native Hawaiians who consider the edible plant sacred. They also argued that a lack of information on the effects of genetically altered food, specifically taro, presents real risks to consumers.Opponents claim genetic engineering research could produce disease-resistant taro, securing its future. They also said there is little chance of cross-contamination between varieties because of the nature of the species.The council did not take action by press time. Testimony for the hearing, which started at 2:15 p.m., was still flowing hours later.“Don’t fool around with the taro,” said John A‘ana, a Westside farmer for the past 30 years, who held up a taro plant as he addressed council. “The bottom line is you need to show respect for the Hawaiian culture.”Wendell Rich, the site manager for Monsanto in Hanapepe, opposed the council resolutions but said that the multi-national biotechnology company and leading producer of genetically engineered seeds and herbicides has no plans to do anything with taro.“The disease argument to me is a fear factor,” Anahola resident Hale Mawae said. “GMO represents control and manipulation of our food crops. Do we give that to these corporate companies?”A Maui County Council committee and the Big Island County Council have passed similar resolutions supporting the state’s effort to temporarily ban work related to genetically modified taro.Roy Oyama, representing the Kauai Farm Bureau, voiced opposition to a moratorium on testing genetically engineered taro.“I don’t care what you tell me, research is needed,” he said, noting concerns over viral threats.He acknowledged that the bureau did not poll its 360-plus members, saying the decision was based on a policy statement adopted at the group’s annual state convention.“Many of them don’t know what’s going on,” he said, referring to local members. “Agriculture is burning in my heart. I want to see it progress and feed every one of you.”Senate Bill 958, which would impose the 10-year moratorium, was deferred after a seven-hour hearing March 19 before the House Agriculture Committee. An overwhelming majority of testimony delivered at the Capitol reportedly supported the resolution.The House referred Senate Bill 2518, which would provide $500,000 in grant funding for taro research, to the Ways and Means Committee.The House Finance Committee held a hearing yesterday at the Capitol on Senate Bill 2915, which would create the taro task force.Taro and taro markets are in a state of decline, according to the state legislation. The threats that taro farming families and communities face in cultivating taro are numerous and growing.Taro lands in Hawai‘i represent less than 1 percent of all agricultural lands in cultivation in the state, yet it remains the most important traditional cultural crop in Hawai‘i, the state legislation says.“The way the issue has been handled is ripping the community apart,” Kapa‘a resident Adam Asquith said, supporting council’s proposed resolutions.County Council members Shaylene Iseri-Carvalho and Mel Rapozo authored the resolutions.“This bill does not prohibit continued dialogue,” Iseri-Carvalho said. “Why not be safe before we proceed?”See a future edition of The Garden Island for follow-up on yesterday’s meeting.• Nathan Eagle, staff writer, can be reached at 245-3681 (ext. 224) or neagle@kauaipubco.com.
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Kauai County Council Votes No GMO Kalo!

Resolution supports 10-year moratoriumby Nathan Eagle - THE GARDEN ISLANDA deeply rooted community debate over the future of a culturally important crop on Kaua‘i climaxed late Thursday night at the Historic County Building.After hearing hours of heartfelt pleas and hopeful comments from farmers and scientists, keiki and kupuna, the County Council passed a resolution supporting a bill pending in the state Legislature that would place a 10-year moratorium on growing or developing genetically modified taro.Councilmembers Mel Rapozo, Shaylene Iseri-Carvalho, Tim Bynum and Jay Furfaro cast votes in favor of the resolution; JoAnn Yukimura, Ron Kouchi and Bill “Kaipo” Asing against it. The split 4-3 vote reflected a torn community.Supporters want taro, or kalo in Hawaiian, to remain pure. Generations of Native Hawaiians consider it disrespectful to even consider messing with the genetic make-up of the sacred plant.Legend has it Kalo sprouted from Haloa, the stillborn child of Wakea, the sky father, and Ho‘ohokukalani, the star mother, to become the first taro plant thousands of years ago.Kalo provides the kanaka maoli’s life-giving sustenance, poi, and is seen as the older brother of mankind, according to Senate Bill 958, which would impose the temporary ban on genetically modified taro.Bynum, a first-term councilman, said he was pulled in by the cultural arguments.“I’m a transplant here. I was embraced with aloha by a whole lot of people who live here,” he said yesterday. “They’re saying it’s sacred and are asking to honor the culture. That’s what wooed me. It was my toughest decision yet.”While the vast majority of oral testimony pushed for the resolution’s passage, some residents argued that genetic engineering research could uncover ways to produce a disease-resistant plant — securing its future.“All the taro farmers understand and are sensitive to the cultural significance of taro to the Hawaiian community and also have reservations about GMO taro,” Kaua‘i Taro Growers Association President Rodney Haraguchi said in his written testimony. “However, they are opposed to have a law passed for 10 years restricting research which may be necessary.”Kaua‘i farmers produce roughly 75 percent of the state’s taro, Bynum said.The crop comprises less than 1 percent of all agricultural lands in cultivation in Hawai‘i, according to state legislation.The public hearing spanned some nine hours with the final roll call vote around 11:30 p.m., Bynum said. The council had to wade through this testimony in addition to input from another public hearing two weeks ago and a steady stream of written remarks.Yukimura released a written statement yesterday explaining why she voted against the resolution.“I do not believe it is pono to pass a law instituting a 10-year moratorium without taking the time to understand the objections, reservations and concerns of those who produce the majority of the taro in the state — most of whom are Kaua‘i farmers, our neighbors and friends who for generations have been keeping poi on all of our tables,” she says. “This doesn’t mean that I don’t believe a moratorium might or should be eventually instituted, but I think that decision should be made by the stakeholders, not county councils or legislators — at least not until after those with a stake in taro have gone through a process and come to a consensus or an agreement to disagree.”Council deferred the resolution at its March 12 meeting after hearing from residents who rallied with signs and taro-related shirts. The numbers were almost double on Thursday when an estimated 30 community members, some carrying taro plants as proof of a healthy GMO-free crop, filled council chambers.The resolution’s passage makes a policy statement, Bynum said, noting that its weight remains uncertain.There is no genetically modified taro in production in the state and the University of Hawai‘i recently abandoned attempts to patent some strains of the plant.There are some 70 taro varieties in existence today, Senate Bill 958 states, down from an estimated 300 or more at the time European explorers arrived.“For me, the question is how do we solve the problems of taro security and purity, including the debate over the 10-year moratorium, without breaking the ‘ohana apart?” Yukimura says. “I passionately believe that there is a way to do that. That way is often harder because it takes deep listening, suspending our judgments and positions and really seeking to understand before seeking to be understood. But, in fact, the solutions to our problems, whatever the solutions may be, depend on the ‘ohana staying together and working together.”When ‘ohana is broken into root words, “oha” is the smaller taro corms growing from the older part of the plant that is used to feed one’s family and “ana” is a conjunctive word connoting regeneration or procreation, according to state legislation.“In voting against the council resolution supporting SB 958, I know that there will be people who say that I am for GMOs. Or, that I don’t have respect for the native Hawaiian culture, which will hurt me, but I accept that condemnation with the humility of knowing that in this job as a councilmember I will sometimes be misunderstood,” Yukimura says. “I hope some people will try to read my heart and will understand that it is my respect for relationships and ‘ohana, also a value of our host culture, that underlies my position, and my passionate belief that people can come together, respect and listen to each other and resolve an issue together.”Both sides of the debate acknowledge a lack of information on the health risks associated with genetically modified taro.Moratorium supporters say the temporary ban would provide time to learn more, but critics say it simply goes too far.The House Agriculture Committee deferred Senate Bill 958 on March 19.The council unanimously passed two separate taro-related resolutions in support of Senate Bill 2518 and Senate Bill 2915.The House referred Senate Bill 2518, which would provide $500,000 in grant funding for taro research, to the Ways and Means Committee.The House Finance Committee on Thursday passed an amended version of Senate Bill 2915, which would create a taro security and purity task force.County councils on Neighbor Islands have recently passed measures supporting Senate Bill 958. Big Island passed its resolution Jan. 24. Maui passed its version out of committee two weeks ago and it is expected to head to a full council for a vote yesterday.• Nathan Eagle, staff writer, can be reached at 245-3681 (ext. 224) or neagle@kauaipubco.com
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"MNN Maori post "20 ways to take away treaty rights"‏_44176530_tameiti_afp203b.jpg

MNN Mar. 7, 2008. On March 5, 2008, MNN put out
the story, “The Infinite “Red-X” discovers Secret
Instruction Manual: “Advanced Strategies on
Stealing Indigenous Resources” – Two Dirty
Colonial Reptiles – Chris “ODB” Reid & Robin
“Rotten Egg” Aitken cited as Slimey “Authroties”.
The same day the Red-X entered a black hole
and discovered a parallel universe at the other
end of the so-called “British Empire!”. Here's
what the Maori told him:

1/ Make the Maori a non-person. Convince
them that their ancestors were savages.
2/ Convince Maori that they should be patient.
What's 158 yrs?
3/ Make Maori believe that things are being
done for their own good.
4/ Get some Maori people to do the dirty
5/ Consult Maori but don't act on what they
tell you.
6/ Insist that Maori people go through the
” proper [colonial] channels”.
7/ Make the Maori believe that you are putting
a lot of effort into working for them.
8/ Allow a few individuals to make the grade.
9/ Appeal to the Maori sense of fairness or
aroha. Tell them that even though things
are pretty bad, it's not good for them to
make strong protests.
10/ Encourage the Maori to take their case
to court, even to the Privy Council. This is
very expensive [and doesn’t do any good].
11/ Make Maori believe that things could
be worse.
12/ Set yourself up a “pretend court” with
no power like the Waitangi Tribunal.
13/ Pretend that the reason for the loss
of human rights is for some reason other
than the fact that the person is a Maori.
14/ Make the situation more complicated
than is necessary.
15/ Insist on “unanimous” decision-making
[rather than traditional Maori form of decision
16/ Select very limited alternatives which
have little merit and tell Maori that they
indeed do have a choice.
17/ Convince Maori that the leaders who are
the most beneficial to them are actually
dangerous and not to be trusted.
18/ Talk about what's good for everyone.
Tell the Maori that they can't consider it
for themselves.
19/ Remove rights gradually.
20/ Rely on [colonial] reason and logic instead
of [Maori view of] rightness and morality”.
Contact the Maori at tepaatu@gmail.com
Posted by MNN Mohawk Nation News –
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Something To Bite On!

Something to Bite On!By Hale MawaeDo people still need to depend on the land and the sea for the food that they put on the table?Or are people starting to be consumers and dependent on the store out of commodity and easy living?Are people just afraid to get their hands dirty, afraid to get some dirt under their fingernails and poke a few seeds in the ground? Are people too impatient to wait and watch something grow, pick it, and have the satisfaction of eating it? Are we so out of touch with the environment, and being on top of the world that we have to chastise environmentalists for thinking outside of the box and laugh at people for riding their bikes around town or driving a silly looking energy efficient car that only goes 30 miles per hour?I'm curious about these kind of things, because here on our islands, Hawaii is still 90 percent dependent on imported oil to fuel its transportation and electricity systems, and despite soon-to-come dramatically rising costs associated with Peak Oil and carbon taxes, our lawmakers refuse to adopt meaningful efficiency and renewable energy programs. (http://starbulletin.com/2007/05/06/editorial/special.html)That means a majority of the people on our island's do not fish, farm, or even raise livestock on the food that's on our plates, its pretty much all imported. That means for three meals a day, you are not only paying for the price of that meal, but you are paying for it to be slaughtered or picked somewhere outside of our state or country. You are paying for that person's wages to get them to work, you are paying them to turn that work into a product, that then gets put in a truck full of gas and and burns hundreds of miles of dirty environmentally unsafe diesel fuel to its next destination at some Western U.S. port.Are the fumes tickling your nose yet?The goods are then moved into the cargo of a ship, where hundreds of gallons of bottom of the barrel fuel are then burned and thrown into our atmosphere and ocean ecosystem to haul the heavy load thousands of miles into the middle of the pacific ocean. After porting at its new harbor the cargo is then distributed even further and loaded up to be shipped off to stores on O'ahu and then continuing cargo moves on to neighbor islands dumping even more emissions and garbage into our ocean, land and air as it moves along on its destructive path of consumer affairs.Can you smell the gas burning?Upon reaching its neighbor island destination the product then gets distributed throughout the grocery stores, restaurants and retail stores. Where, after already filling up your tank for $55 dollars at $3.36 per gallon, after driving 5 miles to the store burning what seems to be a quarter tank of gas after sitting in almost 45 minutes of ridiculous bumper to bumper traffic.Are you choking on carbon monoxide?You finally mosey on into the store with your modest grocery list. You know, stuff like milk $6 dollars, eggs $2.99, bread $4.99, and the rest of the bare neccessities to cook a simple meal with. The look on your face as you are checking out with the cashier when you wind up throwing down $110 for a grocery cart that's neither half empty nor half full, priceless. You drive home, sitting in more traffic, a half tank of gas gone once you're home, and that same feeling alien abductees have when they've just had a probe shoved up their ass. All of that wonderful individually packaged plastic rubbish from your processed goodies going straight into a trash can a week later on its way to the landfill that's already overflowing into the streets.Cough, cough.At a time, especially here on our island of Kaua'i, we had hundreds of thousands of people living here who had worked themselves up to be self-sustainable. Meaning they had reasonable amounts of agricultural product for all the people, there was always enough water, there was enough fish and sea food to help sustain those living on the land, and there was enough land for everyone to be able to live alongside peacefully to the 'aina.It seems to me people forget this part of history, but Hawaiian's here were able to support themselves freely without the need of stores or markets, and they always had enough even during times of hardship. Now with the amount of infrastructure and hotels being built. With people buying huge amounts of agricultural land, growing coconut trees calling it agriculture and building a 4 million dollar second-home on a piece of property agriculturally zoned, I don't see a bright future ahead for the way of a self-sustainable future.I don't think people realize that just because they have million's of dollars now, they better be able to have a billion dollars in 40-50 years when they have to buy their own boat and ship in their own private goods, when airports and sea ports can no longer run because of natural gas being a hard commodity to find. I wonder what it will be like then. I wonder if people will have gotten smart by then and have themselves their own farms, raising their own food and crops to eat, and slowly begin tearing down the buildings to make way for reforestation of native trees so that there is more average rainfall, or demolishing a portion of a highway to let that rainfall restore a natural flow to an ahupua'a's stream.It really starts there...but it's just a dream I have one day. Kamehameha the 3rd after almost being overthrown by the british government returned victoriously to the people after having reestablished himself as a monarch and thwarting the british who tried to overtake him.He told the people, "Ua Mau Ke Ea O ka 'Aina I ka Pono!" The life of the land is perpetuated through righteousness. How does one perpetuate the life of the land through righteousness? When there are people willing to throw everything western away to make way for a future dedicated to the 'aina. Dedicated to the preservation and protection at any cost for that 'aina. To live for it and die for it! To really know in your na'au, your gut what it means, and what the kuleana is to perpetuate and serve it. That is the only way.
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Cultural Genocide

This one is far from done. I think this one will be a lifelong writing project.I was inspired to write this by listening to the song "Blood Banner" by Public Property. I find it shocking how most people find it shocking that im a 19 yr. old male living in the 21st century but yet my life is commited to Hawai'i, even if it means my death for my land.No ku'u lahui Hawai'i, e ha'awi pau, a e ola mau.Palm trees and calm seasTropical fruity drinks while basking in the oceans breezeSexy hula dancers, fire lit torches and sacred kahuna tiki'sIts paradise so drink up, smoke up, buy up...do as you please.Exploitation at its finest.Hawai'i is a vacation to you but it means more than life to meA life style, state of mind and mentalityCulture is the true essence of Hawai'i.A culture,Built beneath the foundation of our landBuilt beneath the bottom of our oceanBuilt within our na'au and birthed from the darkest of dark.It's shown through the land and oceanShown through the plants and animalsAnd lastly, shown through the people.Slaughter our culture, impose us with yoursSlaughter our people, corrupt us like yoursSlaughter our lands, build it like yoursSlaughter our waters, pollute it like yoursSlaughter our language, make us learn yoursSlaughter our values, replace it with yoursSlaughter our gods, in the name of yoursSlaughter our queen, and pretend that we're yoursSlaughter our flag, shame our poles with yoursGenocide.
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A Portrait of Haloa: Our Elder Brother

A Portrait of Haloa: Our Elder BrotherA Testimonial Essay in Support of a Ten Year Moratoriumof Genetic Modifcation of KaloHaloa. Kalo. Our elder brother who became one with the ‘aina. Our great ancestor who’s only breath could be taken from the lau(leaf) at the core of the piko(center). The plant which feeds all kanaka. The plant that nourishes our kino(body). The plant, which connects us to our piko, our na‘au, and all of our ancestors, who have come before us. But most importantly it is the plant that gave our people life and a sustainable future for hundreds of generations that continues to this day.This immortal being transcends far beyond my connection to that piko, beyond all capability of human understanding and thought, beyond all scientific and cultural explanation and is being raped by scientists who’s only goal is to reap extreme profit with methods of science that can only be considered universally to be unethical, immoral, and falling under illegal practice because of our indigenous cultural ancestry to this plant.Haloa-na-ka-lau-ka-pa-liliHaloa takes his first breath.The lau cascading to the piko as it curves to the neck of the ha,The stalk of the great plant.It's withered leaves hang gently in the warm sunToward the reflecting pool of the lo’i(taro patch).Each leaf slowly drifting into its own reflectionPulling away from it's mother.It’s source.The resemblance to an 'iewe(lit. placenta)Cascading into a pool that could easily cradle a hundred children,All tied to the earth,Nursing from its great source, kumu honua.The ‘aina(lit. that which feeds. Def. land) nurturing the expanding kalo into all its great many feasts that follow after; with poi, kulolo, laulau, or Tutu's famous squid luau, that was so ono, to ask for the recipe would mean living in a life of culinary secrecy.Tutu’s hearty meals of fresh fish, ulu, uala, a salad of ‘opae and ho‘io fern shoots, and a modest portion of kalua pua‘a freshly salted, placed on a large table surrounding a large wooden ‘umeke(def. bowl. calabash) filled with freshly made pa‘i ai, that tutu would mold with her hands with moderate portions of water until she had rich poi with the kalo from uncle’s lo‘i just up the road.From the eldest member of the family to the youngest baby in her mama’s arms, we hold hands, bow our heads and pule.“Mahalo e na akua. Mahalo e na kupuna o keia ‘aina. E malama oukou ia makou keia ‘ohana. E ola no ke kino. E ola no ka Haloa. E ola no keia ohana, I ka wa mamua, I ka wa mahope. Amama ua noa.”The prayer is lifted. It is ended. It is free.Tutu puts her hand on her hip, smiles big, and wipes the sweat from her brow, after finishing preparing such a lavish feast. “Go eat! Go eat!” She says softly as she shoos the flies away with a ti-leaf gripped in her hand. Her hands with creases in her fingers like rings on a tree, but as soft as her weaved lauhala bracelet that hangs from her gentle wrist.She watches as all her mo’opuna(def. grandchildren) drift by the table and take food on their plate. Each mo’opuna smiling with mouthfuls of good Hawaiian food, and giggling with joy as they take a warm spoonful of fresh poi from the ‘umeke.As each passing generation takes poi from that same ‘umeke to feed their na’au. Entailing each following generation will continue on and flourish. That it will survive.Taking the huli, and gently placing it back into the ‘aina, as it promises the hope of harvest for the next generation. A promise for the next seasonal feast.Haloanakalaukapalili.Haloa of the trembling leaf.Concieved is the child from the sacred union of Wakea and Ho’ohokukalani.E ala e Haloanakalaukapalili!Haloa, the first born.Carried is the child of the mother, Ho’ohokukalani.Ho ‘ohokukalani, the mother, who is born of the sacred union between the father of the heavens, Wakea; and the mother of the Earth, Papa.The mother of Haloa, who is birthed from po(lit. night), where dwells all past, present, and future akua who make up all things both light and dark on this kumu honua(lit. earth).Born is the child of the sacred mother, Ho’ohokukalani.E ala e Haloanakalaukapalili!Haloa, the still born child.Ho'ohokukalani and Wakea give this still born child back to the earth. And from this burial, straight from the piko of this still child, rose the ha. And as the lau uncurled itself and opened to the sun, Haloa took his first breath and trembled into the wind.E ola ka Haloa. E ola mau. Haloa lives. He lives again.The trembling leaf that gives hope to the promise for the next generation.The trembling leaf that gives hope for the birth of the younger sibling from this same sacred union.Haloa-na-kanaka.Haloa the younger sibling.Haloa of the second generation.Haloa of the people.Haloa of the kanaka maoli.Our sacred connection to Haloa can only be held in the highest regard and utmost respect for the origin of such a birth in nature for the kanaka maoli, who are undeniably the true people of this ‘aina.It goes beyond the aspect of gods and mythological unions. It goes beyond that from which stems Hawaiian philosophy of creation of life and of such a beings as Haloa. It tells us a story that man must respect for nature because if nature can create such a life as Haloa, then nature must be the highest form of mythical like endurance. How can we as mere human beings even begin to comprehend or even pretend to comprehend the infinite unpredictability that nature wields?The law of nature must govern not only kalo, but all of our food crop and plants. To say that we have the power over natural law, and can manipulate life without question says that we have come to a place in humanity when we no longer respect life, when we think outside of the environment we live.But most importantly, it presents the question, if nature is capable of creating such a rich life in nature, which is ultimately meant to feed people at large demands, why are we having to tamper with it’s life through genetic engineering, indefinitely altering that plants natural law and it’s natural life for the purpose of research? Are we as humans so inclined to control life that we must understand nature’s richest creation’s?Is it the curiosity for how the nature of such a thing is made up, or are we wanting to understand how we can control nature and produce life for our own greedy profit in controlling our food source? Tightening the grip of have’s and have not’sMan has proven incapable and highly irresponsible to hold and wield this power. They have shown no restraint in pushing forward with unregulated research on our sovereign land. Genetically Modified food research that has been stopped in a majority of our international community because of the ethical, moral, and serious health and human welfare questions regarding their methods of research and farming. One of the biggest questions being that these company’s have the intent for patenting any plant they create so they may ultimately control a food crop.Control for how it is grown. Control of how it cooks and is put on the table. How it tastes in your mouth. How it digests in your stomach. How the genetically modified nutrients are absorbed into your body. Complete and total control as your huli shrivels up and dies instead of being able to turn it back into the earth for it’s next season. Instead, having to turn to the company who licensed and patented the plant you harvested in your ground, to be purchased in order for you to have a new season.Not only that, but any keiki’s or hybrid keiki’s that stem from your plant, the patenting research company could then own and seize at their disclosure because of its patent on that plant.A case in the Midwest of an independent canola farmer proved true as the giant Mansanto biotech company’s seeds blew into the farmer’s fields naturally. His organic canola fields were naturally contaminated with genetically modified canola. The farmer then received a letter by mail stating that the company owning the patent, was filing suit, and would be taking him to court as a violation of Mansanto’s corporate patent. Mansanto is also based here in our state on Kaua‘i doing corn research. Corn research, which has caused medical conditions at a public school here in Waimea by Syngenta a company with similar genetic farming practices.We the people cannot allow a government or corporate entities of this kind to control any type of food source, especially Haloa, who is cradled in the great bosom of our sovereign land.We do not want manipulative corporate and government backed scientists, funded largely by Government and private agencies to continue this type of research here in our sovereign kingdom of Hawai‘i and in the U.S. occupying state of Hawai‘i. We do not want, nor do we see the need for this type of control. There has been enough done already to control our lives as a Hawaiian nation and culture, leave our plants alone.We cannot stand by and allow genetics labs under the guide of Government and Corporate interests to research and take properties from kalo and other plants. Privatized entities, who, have shown no restraint in pushing their research forward when there are too many risks surrounding research already being conducted here in our islands. i.e. Mansanto, Syngenta, Pioneer.Taking properties, which they intend to manipulate, produce, create, and sell at the cost of unregulated genetically infected food and land, high-risk potential for damages to human health and welfare, and the continuing destruction of safe, naturally bio-diverse, environments.The human hand has made too many mistakes to allow another potential mistake to sneak in the door. “For every action, there is an opposite and equal reaction.” I believe we all should think about this, before making any decision regarding how our elder brother Haloa should be played with.I ask that we start our year off in making the right decision to save Haloa. Save Him from the grasp of illegal manipulation and control. Save him from the genetic touch of human hands, and question yourself why other genetically modified foods are being allowed to continue without your jurisdiction. We face too great a risk in even thinking on it and having Haloa on our discussion table.Please support our plea to stop genetic engineering on Kalo. Ke’olu’olu mai. Please think about the repercussions your decision could affect if a moratorium isn’t in place, and how that will effect the kanaka maoli community indefinitely. Think about the damaging effects genetic research in Hawai‘i has already caused, and what we can do to stop further damages to address the people’s demands.I think sometimes it must be easy to forget when you hold so much power in your hands. It's easy to forget the few people that you run into in your early years as a budding politician, who may have been the one who affected your life with one single sway of a vote. A vote that mattered amongst thousands and sometimes millions of others.Sometimes it's just that easy to forget.So it is with the power of what the people speak that says something to remember. To speak with positions of those who represent themselves and what they truly believe to be right, especially when it comes to food and the livelihood of farmer's that it supports.“Mai ho 'omauna i ka 'ai o huli mai auani'i o Haloa e nana.Do not be wasteful of food lest Haloa turn around and stare [at you].Do not be wasteful, especially of kalo, because it would anger Haloa, the taro god, who would sometime let the waster go hungry.”Mary Kawena Pukui, ‘Olelo No‘eau: Hawaiian Proverbs & Poetical SayingsHeed to these words for all food's sake.Mahalo nui loa me ke aloha pumehana no. E ola mau Haloanakalaukapalili!Kahalekaulanaakuakane MawaeEo Lono!
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